Overview of the Literature on the Transit-Oriented Development to Investigate a Practical Solution for Traffic Congestion in Iran Cities

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Civil Engineering - Transportation Planning, Faculty of Technical & Engineering, Imam Khomeini International University (IKIU), Qazvin, Iran

2 Department of Civil Engineering - Transportation Planning, Faculty of Technical & Engineering, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran

3 Research Assistant, Centre for Integrated Transport Innovation (rCITI), School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, NSW Australia, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia.


Expanding public transportation is not enough to solve the urban sprawl problem resulted from an auto-orientation perspective. So urban planning experts paid attention to integrated and coordinated planning of urban development with public transportation, which reached to sustainable urban development. The purpose of this study is to review the researches in transit-oriented development (TOD) and present practical solutions to implement TOD in Iran cities. In this paper, urban sprawl has been introduced, and three significant solutions (Smart Growth, New Urbanism, and Transit-Oriented Development) have been checked to prevent it. Then the researches in TOD allocation by various methods and modifying land uses around transit stations have been investigated. Moreover, the effects of TOD on city structure and the decisions of individuals in choosing a place of residence have been examined. Also, methods for assessment of TOD impacts and the prosperous cities, which implement the TOD, have been introduced, and finally, the practical solutions for implementing TOD in Iran cities have been presented. Based on a review of the previous studies incorporated in this paper, the practice and integration of TOD through land use and transportation showed that TOD could be the alternative solution in addressing the problems of developing the urban area.


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