Productivity Management in Iranian Railway by Data Envelopment Analysis

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD. Student, School of Railway Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran

2 Railway department,Iran university of science and technology,Tehran, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, School of Railway Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran


Study of various transportation indicators could be an appropriate criterion in evaluating the performance of the existing railways throughout the globe. This study was carried out to investigate the performance of rolling stock of Iranian railway using productivity analysis. In order to solve the problems, some solutions were provided by productivity management cycle steps. At the first step, it was tried to find how appropriate the rolling stock used in Iranian railway is. To evaluate productivity of rolling stock, data envelopment analysis method was used; besides railways specific indicators and partial indicators of rolling stock were measured. Consequently, during 1390-1394(2011-2015), the performance of rolling stocks was inefficient; however, rolling stocks were efficient in 1395(2016). At the next step, rolling stock productivity and its bottlenecks were analyzed according to railway performance, railway expert’s opinions, and previous studies. Questionnaires were answered by 20 experts. Cronbach's alpha reliability with measured value of 0.899 was proven. Productivity improvement strategies are extracted from the results of these analyses and will be used to prioritize on the basis of comparing the importance and the current situation.


-Archila, Andres- Felipen, Sakamoto, Ryusuke, Fearing, Rebecca Cassler and Sussman, Joseph M. (2013) "Productivity of passenger rail transportation services in the northeast corridor", Presentation at the 2014 Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board.
-Beck, Arne,  Bente, Heiner and Schilling, Martin (2013) "Railway efficiency: An overview and a look at opportunities for improvement", International Transport Forum Discussion Paper, No. 2013-12, International Transport Forum, Paris,
-Dingler, Mark, Koenig, Amanda, Sogin, Sam, and Barkan, Christopher P. L. (2010) "Determining the causes of train delay", Paper presented at the AREMA 2010 Annual Conference Proceedings.
-Emamimeybodi, Ali (1384) "Principles of measuring performance and productivity". institute for business studies and research publishing (In Persian)
-Gómez-Ibáñez, José. A (2004) "Railroad reform: an overview of the options", Paper presented at the Conference on Railway Reform Rafael del Pino Foundation, Madrid, September 18-19, 2004
-Hansen, Ingo A. Wiggenraad, PBL and Wolff, JW. (2013) "Performance analysis of railway infrastructure and operations", Paper presented at the WCTR 2013: 12th World Conference on Transport Research, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 15-18 July 2013.
-Hilmola, Olli-Pekka  (2007) "European railway freight transportation and adaptation to demand decline: Efficiency and partial productivity analysis from period of 1980-2003", International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, Vol. 56, Issue.3, pp 205-225.
-INPO: Iran National Productivity Organization (1387 SH) "Productivity Indexes in Iran".
-IR: Iran Railways (2014) "Fleet performance data report”.
-Jain, Priyanka, Cullinane, Sharon. and Cullinane, Kevin (2008) "The impact of governance development models on urban rail efficiency", Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Vol. 42, Issue.9, pp 1238-1250.
-Kriem, Youssef  (2011) "Productivity of the US freight rail industry: A review of the past and prospects for the future", Submitted to the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Civil and Environment Engineering at Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
-Mizutani,  Fumitoshi and Uranishi, Shuji. (2003) "The Effects of privatization on TFP growth and capital adjustments", Kobe University Discussion Paper Series, Japan", Vol. 3.
-Mohri, S. Sina and Haghshenas, Hossein (2017) "Evaluation of Iran rail freight transportation efficiency in comparison between the world countries and the middle east and Central Asia", International Journal of Transportation Engineering, Volume 5, No 18, Autumn 2017, pp. 103-117
-Movahedi, M. M., Abtahi, S.Y. and Motamedi, M. (2011) "Iran railway efficiency analysis, using DEA: An international comparison", International Journal of Applied Operational Research-An Open Access Journal, No. 1, pp 1-7.
-NTC: National Transport Commission report (2008) "Rail poductivity information paper, Australia’s rail industry”.
-Oum, Tae Hoon, Waters, W. G, and Yu, Chunyan (1999) "A survey of productivity and efficiency measurement in rail transport", Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, Vol. 33, No. 1, pp. 9-42.
- Pourkazemi, M. H. and Soltani, H. A. (1386) "Assessment of productivity in Iranian Railway compared to Asian and Middle East Countries” Economic Research Journal", No 78. Spring 86, pp.87-121
-UN: Economic and Social Council  of United Nation (2012) "Productivity in rail transport",