Performance Evaluation of the Provinces of Iran Reading To the Measures of Freight and Passenger Transportation

Document Type : Research Paper


Assistant Professor, School of Industrial Engineering, Iran University of Science & Technology


Freight and passenger transport are two main functions of the infrastructure and transportation networks in each country. It is required to efficiently utilize the transportation infrastructures to increase transportation-related performance measures. In this study, data envelopment analysis (DEA) model is used to evaluate performance of the Iranian provinces from the freight and passenger transport perspectives. In this regard, transportation infrastructures such as roads, freeways, highways and arterial roads are considered as inputs to the provinces that are Decision Making Units (DMUs) in this research. Also ton-kilometers of the crossing freight, ton-kilometers from the province, passenger-kilometers of the crossing passengers and passenger-kilometers from the province are considered as the main performance measures of the provinces in the freight and passenger transportation. Two main efficiency-related indicators including Freight Transportation Efficiency Indexes (FTEI) and Passenger Transportation Efficiency Indexes (PTEI) are obtained to provide the possibility to assess efficiency of the provinces. The results are obtained to compare efficiency of the provinces from two freight and passenger transport. Results indicate that the Tehran province is efficient in three perspectives including “combined freight and passenger”, “freight” and “passenger”. Ilam province efficiently utilize transportation infrastructures for passenger transport. The Sistan, Qom, Kohgiluyeh and Hormozgān provinces efficiently utilize transportation infrastructures for freight transport. Transportation efficiency indexes for a number of the provinces such as Ardabil, Zanjan, Qazvin, Kermanshah, Golestan, Mazandaran and Hamadan are similar in freight and passenger perspectives. In addition, Alborz, Ilam, Khorasan Razavi, Semnan and Gilan have greater Passenger Transportation Efficiency Index (PTEI) relative to the Freight Transportation Efficiency Index (FTIE).


- Azadi, M., Shabani, A., Khodakarami, M. and Saen, R. F. (2015) "Reprint of planning in feasible region by two-stage target-setting DEA methods: An application in green supply chain management of public transportation service providers", Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Vol .74, pp. 22-36.
- Chang, Y. T., Zhang, N., Danao, D., and Zhang, N. (2013). "Environmental efficiency analysis of transportation system in China: A non-radial DEA approach". Energy policy, Vol. 58, pp. 277-283.
- Charnes, A., Cooper, W. W. and Rhodes, E. (1978)  “Measuring the efficiency of decision making units”,  European Journal Of Operational Research, Vol. 2, No. 6, pp.429-444.
- Chen, Y. and Han, B. (2012) "Regional public transportation scheduling model based on welfare economics and DEA", International Journal of Modelling, Identification and Control, Vol. 16, No. 3, pp. 272-276.
- Cheng, X. (2014) "Research on the performance evaluation of road transportation supply chain based on interval DEA method", BioTechnology: An Indian Journal, Vol. 10, No. 3.
- Cui, Q. and Li, Y. (2014) "The evaluation of transportation energy efficiency: An application of three-stage virtual frontier DEA", Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, Vol. 29, pp. 1-11.
- Ding, X. D., Xu, L., and Yao, Z. G. (2011). "Performance evaluation of Chinese transportation industry based on DEA Method". Wuhan Ligong Daxue Xuebao(Journal of Wuhan University of Technology), Vol. 33, No. 3, pp.77-81.
- Goli, A., Ziari, H. and Amini, A. (2016) "Evaluating the performance of crumb rubber modified binders used in Isfahan Province", International Journal of Transportation Engineering, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 97-107.
- Guo, W., Gong, D. Q. and Hu, J. Z. (2015) "Applying Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) approach to analyze investment efficiency of transportation projects", Advances in Transportation Studies, Special Issue 2, pp. 139-150
- Ji, X., Wu, J. and Zhu, Q. (2016) "Eco-design of transportation in sustainable supply chain management: A DEA-like method". Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, Vol. 48, pp. 451-459.
- Jiang, G. J., Liu, L. and Lv, H. D. (2017) "Transportation system evaluation model based on DEA", Journal of Discrete Mathematical Sciences and Cryptography, Vol. 20, No. 1, pp. 115-124.
- Lishan, S. U. N., Jian, R. O. N. G. and Futian, R. E. N. (2007). "DEA method for evaluating the transfer efficiency of urban public transportation terminal". Journal of Beijing University of Technology, Vol. 33, No. 12, pp.1289-1294.
- Michaelides, P. G., Belegri-Roboli, A., Karlaftis, M. and Marinos, T. (2009). "International air transportation carriers: evidence from SFA and DEA technical efficiency results (1991-2000)". EJTIR, Vol. 4, No. 9.
- Rassafi, A. A., Jamour, D. and Mirzahossein, H. (2013) "Different network performance measures in a multi-objective traffic assignment problem", International Journal of Transportation Engineering, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 47-58.
- Rezaee, M. J., Izadbakhsh, H. and Yousefi, S. (2016). "An improvement approach based on DEA-game theory for comparison of operational and spatial efficiencies in urban transportation systems", KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol. 20, No. 4, pp. 1526-1531.
- Wu, J., Zhu, Q., Chu, J., Liu, H. and Liang, L. (2016)  "Measuring energy and environmental efficiency of transportation systems in China based on a parallel DEA approach",  Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, Vol. 48, pp. 460-472.
- Xiaohong, F. A. N. G., Lei-shan, Z. H. O. U. and Bo, Z. H. O. U. (2008) "Evaluation method of city comprehensive transportation hub based on permutable DEA model",  Journal of Transportation Systems Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 2, p. 017.
- Zhang, P.-W., Jing, C.-Y. and Sun, H. (2016) "Assessing air transportation enterprise efficiency based on three-stage DEA model", Jiaotong Yunshu Xitong Gongcheng Yu Xinxi/Journal of Transportation Systems Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 16, No. 6, pp. 210-215.
- Zhao, L. and Liu, J. (2016) "DEA evaluation study about synergetic development of regional transportation in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei", Beijing Jiaotong Daxue Xuebao/Journal of Beijing Jiaotong University, Vol. 40, No. 1, pp. 124-129.
- Zhao, Y., Triantis, K., Murray-Tuite, P. and Edara, P. (2011) "Performance measurement of a transportation network with a downtown space reservation system: A network-DEA approach". Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Vol. 47, No. 6, pp. 1140-1159.