Evaluation of performance characteristics of asphalt mixture reinforced with palm tree fibers

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Payame- Noor University, Teran, Iran

2 Assistant Professor,Department of Civil Engineering, Malayer University, Malayer, Iran

3 Ph.D. Graduate, Department of Civil Engineering,Payame Noor University,Tehran,Iran

4 MSc. Grad., Department of Civil Engineering,Payame Noor University, Tehran,Iran


Despite the high cost of paving the roads in Iran, according to experts, the useful life of asphalt is expected to be only 3 to 5 years. Due to the abundance of palm trees, the objective of this study is to determine the resistance of palm fiber-reinforced asphalt mixtures as an additive and asphalt modifier. In this study, four types of mixtures were prepared. The first mix was prepared as a control and non-fibrous mixture, and the second type were mixed with 0.1% and the third type with 0.3% and the fourth type with 0.5% weight of asphalt mixture of palm fiber. Six samples were prepared for each mixture, three samples were dried and three others were tested after partial saturation and moisture treatment with a melting and freezing cycle (24 samples). The Semi-Circular Bend Test (SCB), Marshall Stability of bituminous mixture, flow tests, indirect tensile strength, resilient modulus and moisture damage were assessed. The results of indirect tensile strength test showed that the use of palm fiber in dry condition at all percentages of 0.3, 0.4 and 0.5% improves the resistance. In saturated state, for fibers added up to 0.3% results were positive, but for more fibers, the results were negative. For moisture sensitivity parameter of the asphalt mixtures of the addition of fiber up to 0.3%, the least moisture damage was observed. The results of the resilient modulus of the mixtures showed that using 0.3% fiber had better result than other percentages and control sample.


-Ahmed, F. Bateni, F. and Azmi, M. (2010) “Performance evaluation of silty sand reinforced with fibres”, Geotextiles and Geomembranes, Vol.28, pp. 93–99.
-Al-Hadidy, A. I. and Yi-Qiu, T. (2016) “Mechanistic approach for polypropylene-modified flexible pavements”, Materials & Design, Vol.30, No.4, pp. 1133–1140.
-Behbahani, H. Ayazi, H. Shojaee, M., (2018) “Laboratory evaluation of moisture sensitivity and burst potential of semi-warm asphalt mixtures”, transport infrastructure engineering, Vol. 7, No.3, pp.405-418. (In Persian).
-Boukhattem, L. Boumhaout, M. Hamdi, H. Benhamou, B. Ait Nouh, F. (2018) “Moisture content influence on the thermal conductivity of insulating building materials made from date palm fibers mesh”, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 148, pp. 811-823.
-Cleven, M. A. (2013) “Investigation of the properties of carbon fiber modified asphalt mixtures”, Thesis (M.S.) Michigan Technological University.
-Esmaeili, A and  Ghale Noi, A. (2012) “The effect of palm and lime as a natural stabilizer on the mechanical properties of clay in environmental conditions with 35% moisture”, housing and environment of the village, Vol. 31, No. 127, pp. 53-62. (In Persian).
-Goli, A. Aboutalebi, M. Amini, A. Latifi, A. (2018) “Evaluating the Effect of Lucobit on Moisture Susceptibility and Mechanical Performance of Bitumen and Asphalt Mixtures” International Journal of Transportation Engineering, Vol. 6, No. 2, pp. 177-189.
-Hadizadeh, H and Ghasemi, M. (2016) “Laboratory study of the effect of palm fiber and palm ash on cement stabilized sandstone”, National Conference on Applied Research in Imran, Architecture, Tabriz, pp. 1-17. (In Persian).
-Hashmiyan, L.  and Kavussi, A. (2010) “Evaluation of the characteristics of hot-mixes of bitumen produced using two types of bitumen WMA-Foam”, Journal of Engineering, Vol.1, No.3, pp. 1-12. (In Persian).
-Howaidi, M. Al-Suhaibani, A. S. Alsoliman, H.A. (2016) “Physical and Rheological Properties of Asphalt Modified with Cellulose Date Palm Fibers”, World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology International Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Vol. 10, No. 5, pp. 583-587.
-Jenq, Y.S. Liaw, C.J. and Lieu, P. (2014) “Analysis of Crack Resistance of Asphalt Concrete Overlays a Fracture Mechanics Approach”, Transportation Research Record, pp. 160-166.
-Kavussi, A. Saebi, J. (2018) “Stabilization of coastal impassable soil using cement and date palm fibers for pavement”, engineering of transport infrastructure, Vol. 2, No. 4, pp. 61-72. (In Persian).
-Kazemi, B. (2012) “Laboratory study of the effect of using polyester and acrylic fiber on the potential dropping capacity and resistance to moisture losses of hot asphaltic mixtures”, Master's thesis, Azad University of Zanjan Branch. (In Persian).
-Maher, M. H.  and Gray, D. H, (1990) “Static response of sand reinforced with randomly distributed fibers”, Journal of Geo-technical Engineering (ASCE), Vol.116, No.11, pp. 1661-1677.
-Marandi, S.M. Bagheripour, M.H. Rahgozar, R. and Zare, H. (2008) “Strength and Ductility of Randomly Distributed Palm Fibers Reinforced Silty-Sand Soils”, American Journal of Applied Sciences, Vol.5, No.3, pp. 209-220.
-Maurer, D. A.  and Malasheskie, G. J. (2016) “Field performance of fabrics and fibers to retard reflective cracking”, Geotext. Geomembranes, Vol. 8, No.3, pp. 239–267.
-Mirzababaei, P. Ziari, H. Babagli, R. Moniri, A. (2018) “Investigation of the Effect of zycotherm on the Properties of Semi-Hot Asphalt Prepared with Calcareous and Silica Materials”, Transport Infrastructure Engineering, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 15-22. (In Persian).
-Modarres, A. and Hamedi, H. (2016) “Hardness and Fatigue Characteristics of Asphalt Mixing with Plastic PET Bottles”, Transportation Engineering, Vol. 5, No. 4. (In Persian).
-Nazarinasab, A. Ghasemi, M. Marandi, M.  (2018) “Performance Improvement of Porous Asphalt Mixtures using Crumb Rubber and Steel Slag Powder”, International Journal of Transportation Engineering, Vol.6, No.2, pp. 99-110.
-Otoko, G. R. Ephriam, M. E. and Ikegboma, A. (2014) “reinforcement of a lateritic soil using oil palm fruit fibre”, International Journal of Engineering and Technology Research, Vol.2, No.6, pp. 1-5.
-Q.U, J. & Zhao, D. (2016) “Stabilising the cohesive soil with palm fibre sheath strip”, Journal Road Materials and Pavement Design, Vol.17, No.1, pp. 87-103.
-Shah Husseini, V. Amiri, A. (2015) “Comparative properties of fiber asphalt and asphalt mixtures”, International Conference on Civil Engineering, Architecture and Sustainable Development, Tabriz, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch. (In Persian).
-Taherkhani, H. and Kazemi Sani Farimani, B. (2018) “Laboratory review of the effect of using carbon fiber and nylon on concrete performance of asphaltic concrete”, transport infrastructure engineering, Vol.6, No. 4, pp.593-612. (In Persian).
-Tapkin, S. (2015) “The effect of polypropylene fibers on asphalt performance”, Building and Environment,Vol. 43, No.6, pp.1065–1071.
-Ziari, H., Saghafi, Y., Moniri, A., & Bahri, P. (2020). The effect of polyolefin-aramid fibers on performance of hot mix asphalt. Petroleum Science and Technology, Vol. 38, No. 3, PP. 170-176
-Ziari, H., Aliha, M. R. M., Moniri, A., & Saghafi, Y. (2020). Crack resistance of hot mix asphalt containing different percentages of reclaimed asphalt pavement and glass fiber. Construction and Building Materials, 230, 117015.
-Ziari, H., and Moniri, A. (2019). Laboratory evaluation of the effect of synthetic Polyolefin-glass fibers on performance properties of hot mix asphalt. Construction and Building Materials, 213, pp. 459-468.