Performance Evaluation of the Provinces of Iran Reading To the Measures of Freight and Passenger Transportation

Document Type: Research Paper

Author

Assistant Professor, School of Industrial Engineering, Iran University of Science & Technology

Abstract

Freight and passenger transport are two main functions of the infrastructure and transportation networks in each country. It is required to efficiently utilize the transportation infrastructures to increase transportation-related performance measures. In this study, data envelopment analysis (DEA) model is used to evaluate performance of the Iranian provinces from the freight and passenger transport perspectives. In this regard, transportation infrastructures such as roads, freeways, highways and arterial roads are considered as inputs to the provinces that are Decision Making Units (DMUs) in this research. Also ton-kilometers of the crossing freight, ton-kilometers from the province, passenger-kilometers of the crossing passengers and passenger-kilometers from the province are considered as the main performance measures of the provinces in the freight and passenger transportation. Two main efficiency-related indicators including Freight Transportation Efficiency Indexes (FTEI) and Passenger Transportation Efficiency Indexes (PTEI) are obtained to provide the possibility to assess efficiency of the provinces. The results are obtained to compare efficiency of the provinces from two freight and passenger transport. Results indicate that the Tehran province is efficient in three perspectives including “combined freight and passenger”, “freight” and “passenger”. Ilam province efficiently utilize transportation infrastructures for passenger transport. The Sistan, Qom, Kohgiluyeh and Hormozgān provinces efficiently utilize transportation infrastructures for freight transport. Transportation efficiency indexes for a number of the provinces such as Ardabil, Zanjan, Qazvin, Kermanshah, Golestan, Mazandaran and Hamadan are similar in freight and passenger perspectives. In addition, Alborz, Ilam, Khorasan Razavi, Semnan and Gilan have greater Passenger Transportation Efficiency Index (PTEI) relative to the Freight Transportation Efficiency Index (FTIE).

Keywords


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